Queen Elizabeth 1st
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Elizabeth's life was troubled from the moment she was born. Henry VIII had
married his second wife, Anne Boleyn, hoping that she would give him the strong and healthy son that Catherine of Aragon never did. But, on September 7, 1533
Elizabeth was born instead. Henry got so furious that he ordered Anne
Boleyn's execution in 1536. Elizabeth was only 3 years old.
Young Edward, the heir to the throne was a weak child and had tuberculosis. As
he was expected to die young, the battle for the throne started...It became a
dangerous time for Elizabeth.
Fille rejeté d'un père remarié 8 fois, Elizabeth grandit avec sa demie-soeur Marie et son demi-frère Edouard, héritier de la couronne. Les intrigues et manigances de sa famille autour de la possible succession d'Edouard la mirent en danger.
The Dangerous Years
When the young king died, an usurper tried to access the throne, but Mary (Elizabeth's oldest sister) was crowned. She married the Catholic Prince Philip of Spain and imprisoned her Protestant sister in the Tower of London.
Elizabeth stayed in jail until Mary got
pregnant: then, Elizabeth was no longer the only heir to the throne. But Mary
was 40 years old and died giving birth. Elizabeth finally became Queen of
England in 1558.
Queen At Last
took the throne, she never married.
Some people think that, because of the way her father treated his wives, Elizabeth was disgusted by the idea of marriage.
More romantic people think it was because she couldn't marry the man that she really loved, Robert Dudley.
Or perhaps it was a combination of both.
Elizabeth ne s'est jamais mariée.
The later years of Elizabeth's reign are sometimes referred to as a Golden Age. During this time, England and Elizabeth faced several important crisis. First, Mary Queen of Scots claimed the throne of England. When Mary escaped from Scotland in the 1560s, she was arrested in England. Elizabeth knew her cousin Mary was a threat and refused to protect her. Because of a plot she ordered her execution in 1587.
A la fin de son règne, menacée par sa cousin Mary, reine
d'Ecosse, Elizabeth ordonna l'exécution de cette dernière.
La flotte espagnole menaça l'Angleterre.
This was also about the time when Robert Dudley died. Elizabeth kept the last letter he sent her .
Robert Dudley décéda.
Elizabeth died on March 24, 1603 and was succeeded by James I (James VI of Scotland), the son of Mary, Queen of Scots.